This report on 'Alcohol Policy in the WHO South-East Asia Region' enumerates the progress made in alcohol policy development in WHO South-East Asia Region Member States since the endorsement of the Global Strategy to Reduce the harmful Use of Alcohol in 2010. The purpose of this report is to review the situation of alcohol policy interventions in the WHO South-East Asia Region Member States, based on the Global Strategy to Reduce the Harmful Use of Alcohol. Evidence shows that the overall situation of policy implementation and intervention to address harms from alcohol in the WHO South-East Asia Region are far from adequate. The report aims to help policy-makers and programme managers identify the areas that need attention and to work towards effective implementation and enforcement of policies and legislations.
This publication outlines public health aspects of alcohol use and harm in WHO South East Asia Region Countries. It summarizes Global Regional and country specific data and also discusses aspects of alcohol control that are important in the context of the Region. The possible future trend of alcohol use in the Region is also analysed and current and future barriers to effective alcohol control in countries of the Region are discussed.
The collaborative framework for implementation of the “WHO South-East Asia Regional Strategy on Autism Spectrum Disorders” articulates to Member States: the nature of autism spectrum disorder and the issues faced by PwASD and their caregivers; the foundation on which the Regional Strategy and the collaborative framework is based; desired outcomes against each objective of the ASD Regional Strategy; recommended actions to fulfill each objective; requisite parameters that should govern the recommended actions; and suggested guidelines for monitoring, evaluating and reporting a Member State’s progress towards fulfilling the objectives. It encourages Member States to share best practices and information for promoting cooperation and partnerships for development of effective and sustainable programmes.
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) comprise a range of developmental disorders characterized by impairment in functions related to central nervous system maturation. This umbrella term covers conditions such as autism, childhood disintegrative disorder and Asperger syndrome. The estimated global median prevalence is 62/10 000, that is one child in 160 has an autism spectrum disorder and subsequent disability. ASDs account for 0.3% of all disability-adjusted life years and impose a huge emotional and economic burden on families. Caring for children with these disorders is demanding, especially in contexts where access to services and support are inadequate. Worldwide, most individuals with such a disorder and their families do not receive adequate care from health or social care systems.